The Sultanate of Oman is located in the Arabian Peninsula, with four Governorates namely Muscat, Dhofar, Musandam and Buraimi.

It has a strategic position and a wealth physical geography due to the huge desert Rub Al Khali, riverbed oases and long coastlines on the Persian Gulf, Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman.

The Empty Quarter, or the Rub Al Khali desert in Arabic, is the largest desert in the world, located in the southern part of the Arabian Peninsula, and shared by Oman, the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia and Yemen.

In southern Oman, the Rub Al Khali lies in Dhofar Governorate, wherein the largest city Salalah is the capital.

Dhofar Governorate has been a chief source region of frankincense in the world for centuries. Nowadays, high-quality frankincense is still collected from Boswellia Trees in Dhofar and available on The Frankincence Market Al Haffa Souk.

Dhofar is the homeland of many tribespeople, among them:


The mountains tribes Jeballi as Al-Hakli, Al-Shahri and Al-Mashikhi

The cities tribes Hadhari as Al-Hashimi, Al-Yafei and Al-Daroodi

The desert tribes Badawi as Al-Kathiri, Al-Bathari and Al-Mahri.

The weather in Dhofar is subtropical from mid-June to mid-September, when monsoon season called Khareef sets in. It contrasts the very nice weather coming close to 30 Celsius degrees during the rest of the year. Indeed, Salalah is a popular destination to tourists being attracted by its incredible and relaxing climate.